Pyramid of the Moon

The Pyramid of the Moon is located at the northern end of the Avenue of the Dead. It is considered an icon of Teotihuacán. Completed sometime between 200 AD and 250 AD, it’s smaller than the Pyramid of the Sun, but every bit as impressive. Built over an existing structure, a tomb containing riches of a male skeleton was found in recent years, leading archaeologists to believe that tombs of Teotihuacán rulers also may be buried beneath the pyramid. The pyramid was renovated six times; archeologists believe the skeleton was buried around the time of the fourth renovation. Besides the man, the tomb contained skeletons of animals and birds, and 400 artifacts.

Pyramid of the Moon. View from the Pyramid of the Sun.

Pyramid of the Moon. View from the Pyramid of the Sun.

The pyramid, which resembles a nearby mountain, Cerro Gordo, celebrated the Great Goddess of Teotihuacán, who was considered the goddess of earth, water and fertility as well as creation. A tomb dedicated to the Great Goddess contained human and animal skeletons, jewelry and other relics. This tomb is believed to date back to 100 AD.

Aerial View. Photo credit: Alejandro Ocaña

Aerial View. Photo credit: Alejandro Ocaña

The Plaza of the Moon, where ceremonies were held, can be found near the altar dedicated to the Great Goddess. Because of the way the plaza is configured, it became known as the Teotihuacán Cross.

If you need to burn up energy, climbing to the top of the pyramid will do that for you. It also provides an excellent opportunity to view the great culture of Teotihuacán.